ICAP began partnering with the Government of the Kingdom of Swaziland in 2005 to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV and support the rapid scale-up of HIV care and treatment.

ICAP now provides technical leadership and assistance at a national and regional level, working with the Ministry of Health (MOH) to strengthen TB/HIV service delivery, improve health information systems and disease surveillance, conduct research, and build laboratory and research capacity.